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The HENNA tradition in TURKEY



Wedding ceremonies are generally start on Tuesday and end on Thursday, or start on Friday and end on Sunday. Costs and expenses of wedding are met by the bridegroom’s family. Despite differences in accordance with various locations wedding may be classified mainly as planting a flag, women’s entertainment of the night next before the wedding day the bride’s fingers freshly tinged with henna (Kına Gecesi), fetching the bride, bride’s veil.
 Before the wedding as is done in the course of engagement ceremony invitation is distributed and everybody is invited for the wedding. While the bride’s family tries to complete preparations for trousseau, the bridegroom’s family tries to complete articles which required to be bought for the bride and which have been previously determined.
A wedding flag is planted by men coming from the noon prayer and friends of bridegroom at the bridegroom’s home. At some regions such thins as apple, onion, mirror, etc. are placed on top of the flag. Thus the wedding gets started.

Night Next Before The Wedding Day, A Women’s Entertainment Where Bride’s Fingers Are Freshly Tinged With Henna ( Kına Gecesi):

 This night in which the bride will be together with her family, relatives and friends all of which are women is just before the day of fetching bride as known the main wedding day. This night which is called “Kına Gecesi” is celebrated in the bride’s home. The bridegroom’s family and other guests are met and hosted in the bride’s home.
Usually dry henna brought by the bridegroom’s family is broken to pieces in a silver or cupper vessel by a woman whose father and mother alive, not experienced any separation. After preparing the bride, veil ornamented with red flake is placed over her head, and she is brought into the middle with accompaniment of hymn, folk songs about henna. Hands and feet of the bride are dyed with henna. The bridegroom’s side is under the obligation to put money in the hand of the bride. Dying ceremony of henna is different according to regions. The henna so dyed has such names and types as “iplik kınası” (henna for yarn), “sıvama” (smearing), “kuşgözü” (bird eye).
After leaving woman who came together for dying henna close friend of the bride remain with her and enjoy themselves till morning.
 In some of our regions henna dying ceremony for bridegroom is also held in the bridegroom’s home.

Process To Fetch The Bride (Gelin Alma):

This day is named as “Gelin Alma” (to fetch the bride), “kız alma” (to fetch girl), “gelin götürme” ( to carry the bride), etc. Everybody is invited to fetch the bride. Guests go to fetch the bride on foot if not far, or by cars if too far to go. In some regions the bridegroom has not been allowed to accompany the bridal procession. Wedding flag, drum-pipe is included in the bridal procession. In some regions the bride is prepared by elderly women (yenge) who help and attend the bride, but today generally in hair dresser, and then she is taken by those who came from the bridegroom’s side.
 “Maidenhood Belt” (Bekaret kuşağı) is tied around the Bride’s waist by her brother or her close relative and then the bride says good-by to those who stay in home. The bridegroom’s family, having paid money for chest and money for door, causes the bride to get into the car.
After travelling around the village with the accompaniment of drum-pipe the wedding procession arrives in the home of the bridegroom. Mother-in law gives a gift to the bride when she comes in front of the door. After sequence of implementations believed to affect humour of the bride, the bride in the bridegroom’s arm is taken inside. After a while the bridegroom is taken out by his friends to bring him back at night. After bridegroom’s shaving, bath and dressing ceremonies the bridegroom is taken to the mosque for prayer at night (Yatsı Namazı) and then he is brought back home with ceremony. Religious marriage ceremony is performed  for the bride and the bridegroom who is brought with accompaniment of hodja (preacher). Upon performance of this celebration which confirms the marriage the bridegroom is allowed to enter the nuptial chamber.
(This text is taken from the official website of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Türkiye. For more information about Turkey in various aspects, please visit the official website of the Ministry from the link given below: )